Low carbon solutions for heating and cooling are coming to the fore. Speaking last Friday at Horizon 2020 (Energy Efficiency) Information Day on the 2015 calls, Marie Donnelly, Director of New and Renewable Sources of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Innovation at the European Commission’s DG Energy, reminded the audience that 46 % of the total energy consumed in Europe is used for the generation of heat for domestic or industrial purposes.
The International Energy Agency recently cited co-generation and district heating as ‘an essential part of strategies for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation and energy security.’ Analysis of the European energy system’s resilience in the face of disruptions in Russian gas imports presented in the European Commission's Stress Test Communication pointed to fuel switching through district heating and cogeneration as a key measure for ensuring long-term energy security.
Opportunities for heating and cooling in the Energy Efficiency section of the Horizon 2020 Energy Challenge were presented at the Information Day and focused on Topic EE13: Technology for district heating and cooling and Topic EE14: Removing market barriers to the uptake of efficient heating and cooling solutions.
Topic EE13 addresses research adn innovation actions and activities are expected to be implemented at Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) from TRL 4 to TRL 6. In line with the challenge-based approach of Horizon 2020, the specific challenge here is that district heating and cooling systems need to be more efficient, intelligent and cheaper.
Expected impacts of proposals are reduced energy consumptionof space and water heating by 30 to 50% compared to today's level, contribution to the wider use of intelligentdistrict heating and cooling systems and contribution to the integration of renewables, waste [heat] and storage.
Applicants are advised to look carefully the template for the technical annex of proposals and the guidanceincluded there. Proposals should be focused on addressing the specific challenge and address one or more of the four areas of the topic scope (not necessarily all four areas). Demonstrating the innovation potential is important, and measures for exploiting the project resultsare generally overlooked. Projects to be supported under the previous call are on the development of advanced and intelligent control systemsfor smart and flexible DHC and the introduction of thermal active demand responsein the management of DHCS. Call deadline: 4 June 2015
Topic EE14 is about market uptake and converting policy into action, and the challenge here is the removal of non-technological (including legislation) barriers to exploit the full potential of efficient heating and cooling solutions.
Expected impacts are more favourable market conditions for efficient heating and cooling solutions and the opening up of new markets. Every million euro of EU support should in the short term lead to the reduction of at least 25 GWh/yr of fossil fuelsfor heating and cooling.
Significant impacts should also be measured in terms of investment made by stakeholders in sustainable energy, number of policy makers influenced, number of people with increased skills or number of people changing their behaviour.
Proposals must be focused and should include and engage with the relevant market actors and stakeholders as appropriate. Proposals should respond to a real need and seek the adoption, initiation or implementation of the proposed approaches during the project duration – for which decision makers need to be involved. Call deadline: 4 June 2014.
Find out more about the activities being supported under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme 2010-2013 in the area of heating and cooling here.
Other Horizon 2020 topics included in the Energy Challenge of interest for heating and cooling:
A high level conference in Brussels focusing on the role of heating and cooling in the European Energy Transition is planned in Brussels for the 26-27 th February – http://heating-and-cooling-in-europe.eu/