Electric Car in Cruces Hospital, Basque Country, Spain


The Cruces University Hospital has replaced a part of its fleet of petrol and diesel cars with a new one composed by 6 electric vehicles that offer the same service with a substantial energy and environmental improvement. These e-vehicles are used in the health care service and home delivery of medicines.

Results and impacts

Start Date: 2011
End Date: 2016
Energy savings: 17.4 MWh/year

Reductions of greenhouse gas emissions: 7 t CO2e/year

Aims and objectives of this sustainable energy action

The new fleet of electric vehicles of the Cruces Hospital seeks to replace the old conventional energy consuming fleet offering the same service of home care and distribution of medicines. Energy savings and a substantial environmental improvement are achieved in this way.
Moreover, the hospital will collaborate with the regional energy agency-EVE in the monitoring and evaluation of results of electric vehicles and it will install the necessary charging points. The recharging infrastructure is provided by IBIL, a public-private partnership specialized in e-mobility. The hospital will also collaborate with IBIL in testing the charging infrastructure.

In order to improve energy efficiency, drivers of the hospital car fleet will perform an efficient driving course and take part in roundtable discussions and seminars related to electric vehicle to share their experience.

Technical and financial implementation

Different car models are used in this project as a test platform for different technologies: One Mercedes Vito E-Cell, four Peugeot Ion and one Th!nk City. These vehicles are rented, except in the case of the Th!nk City which has been provided by EVE for this project.
Under their agreement, the Cruces hospital and EVE undertake to collaborate in the implementation of joint actions in order to promote and encourage the use of the electric vehicle in the Basque country, including the monitoring and evaluation of the use of electric vehicles and the installation of charging points.

The project is financed through subsidies given by the Spanish and Basque Governments, providing funding for renting the vehicles and for the activities related to the monitoring and evaluation of the use of electric vehicles.

Lessons learnt

The project is under evaluation. The key points to be assessed are the perception of the users with respect to the reliability of the vehicles, the autonomy of these and the less flexibility of the vehicle that the recharge time means, together with the economic aspects.

It is necessary to promote more projects of this type in order to gradually introduce e-mobility and replace vehicles using fossil fuels on a large scale.

How this action could be replicated

Despite the environmental advantages of the electric car, it is very difficult to incorporate it in companies, whether public or private, unless it is done through an economic consideration. In this case, the economic barrier has been overcome through grants from the national and regional governments. On the other hand, in the case of this good practice, the grants have contributed to demand a flow of information about the electric vehicle in order to evaluate results.
It is expected that, in the medium term, the aid necessary to implement such initiatives will decline due to the optimization of this vehicles and charging points. The perspective is that in the long term this technology becomes standard, and e-cars are purchased without the need of grants.


This project has been implemented through an agreement between the Cruces hospital and the Basque Energy Agency-EVE through which both benefit. On the one hand the electric vehicle and charging points are promoted, helping the implementation of electrical mobility in the Basque Country as established in the Basque Energy Strategy 2020. On the other hand, the Cruces Hospital renews the fleet of vehicles incorporating the electric vehicle with cost savings and environmental benefits.

Contact details

Ente Vasco de la Energía - EVE
Alameda de Urquijo, 36 - 1º. 48011, BILBAO
T: (34) 944 035 600

Álvaro Pérez de Laborda; alaborda@eve.es

Further information